Questions & Answers

Q&A: Athletic and Team Budgets in the NCAA and Colleges

I want to compare the amounts spent by NCAA colleges and universities on their teams and various sports. Where's the best place to look?


The United States Department of Education maintains an data analysis site called Equity in Athletics Data Analysis Cutting Tool. This allows the user to generate "rapid customized reports for [questions] relating to equity in athletics data." "The database consists of athletics data that are submitted annually as required by the Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act (EADA), via a Web-based data collection, by all co-educational postsecondary institutions that receive Title IV funding (i.e., those that participate in federal student aid programs) and that have an intercollegiate athletics program." Spending on teams and athletic programs can be compared between schools, regions, etc.

Q&A: borrowing books from Palo Alto City Libraries

I have heard that Palo Alto City Libraries have movies, audio books, children's books and popular magazines that Stanford Libraries don't carry. Can I get a library card and borrow from the public library?


Yes, you can get a Palo Alto Library Card and borrow from them. When you visit the Palo Alto Libraries, bring a photo ID and a piece of mail that you have received at Stanford as proof of residence (they will provide you a postcard to mail to yourself if you don't have any mail). There are 5 Palo Alto branches, and one is dedicated to children. Visit their website to search their catalog and get directions.

Q&A: Can you explain what the letters in call numbers mean?


It's unclear to me what the letters at the beginning of call numbers mean. Can you explain what they represent and how the system works?


Most of the books and journals here in Green Library are classified using the the Library of Congress Classification (LCC) scheme. As the Library of Congress site explains here, the system was "first developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to organize and arrange the book collections of the Library of Congress." This system is used at other libraries as well, especially at large academic libraries in the United States.

The system assigns a single letter of the alphabet to the 21 classes into which it divides all knowledge. Most of these single-letter classes are then divided into more specific subclasses, represented by two- or three-letter combinations. For example, class D, World History, has subclasses DA, Great Britain; DAW, Central Europe; DB, Austria - Liechtenstein - Hungary - Czechoslovakia; and so on up through DX, Romanies. You can view the 21 classes here; click on them to see their respective subclasses. You can click on the subclasses as well to see their breakdown into even more specific topics with assigned numbers (e.g., D, World History; DA, Great Britain; DA350-360, Elizabeth I, 1558-1603. Elizabethan age).

Don't forget to take a look at the Green Library Mobile Stacks Guide or at the printed Stacks Guides (available at the Information Center desk) to see where to go in the library for the call number you're looking for.

Q&A: New Mexico State documents and Endangered Species Act

I am preparing to perform research on the Endangered Species Act in New Mexico. I understand that the library holds state documents for California, however, I was wondering if they hold any documents for New Mexico (regarding the ESA). I greatly appreciate your assistance.


In general, no we don't collect NM state documents. However, given that the Endangered Species Act (ESA) is a federal law administered through the Fish and Wildlife Service, you'll find quite a bit on it in books, articles, US govt documents and websites. Take a look at the following suggestions.

  1. Searchworks results for ESA + New Mexico
  2. Congressional publications from LexisNexis. It's listed on our databases page ( in the subject "Government Information: United States". There will be hearings, CRS reports and other congressional documents available.
  3. Other article databases to search (also at Academic Search Premier and PAIS. Also look through the environment subject list of databases for others of interest like Environment Index. In ASP I found quite a few articles like the following:

    Interacting Effects of Landownership, Land Use, and Endangered Species on Conservation of Southwestern U.S. Rangelands. SAYRE, NATHAN F. Conservation Biology; Jun2005, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p783-792.

  4. A couple of NM state search engines that might be of interest:

    *I found these on the state databases project of the Government Documents Roundtable (GODORT) of the American Library Association of which I'm a member.

  5. Worldcat search: WorldCat search>/li>
  6. some websites of possible interest:

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