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ARGENTINA: Extradition Treaty with the US
Since Janet Reno gave a speech on the need for international cooperation in pursuit of criminal activities, and turned down an Argentine request to extradite two IBM executives, I wondered about the existence of an extradition treaty between the two countries. Raul Estrada-Oyuela clarifies:
" Argentina and the USA do have an extradition agreement in force. The first extradition treaty was signed by our Foreign Minister Amancio Alcorta and the US Secretary of State William I. Buchanan in Buenos Aires on 26 September 1896, and it was in force since 2 July 1900. The second extradition treaty was signed in 1969, and I participated in the negotiation in Washington. The third, which includes the "newest crimes", was concluded a couple of years ago. The negative is not related to lack of an extradition agreement."
My comment: This confirms my belief that there was an extradition treaty between Argentina and the US. However, such treaties are tricky. Firstly, they must cover the particular crime involved, and the government involved, in this case the United States, must decide if there is sufficient prima facie evidence to justify extradition. Normally the accused would have lawyers who would seek to prove that this is not the case. Since the IBM case is receiving no publicity in the US, I can only guess that the lawyers of two the executives persuaded Janet Reno that there was not. This makes me wonder why the two other IBM executives involved moved to Brazil, whose extradition treaties are notoriously lax.
The parallel case of Miguel Angel Cavallo discussed in yesterday's posting has received ample publicity in the Mexican news because he has been involved in highly controversial activities in Mexico. But of that, it is doubtful that the Mexican media would have paid much attention to the case.
Ronald Hilton - 8/26/00