Folio is a computer system at Stanford that provides access to a variety of information resources for Stanford students, faculty, and staff. Folio is a cooperative effort between ITSS, Stanford University Libraries, and other campus offices.
New information sources are added to Folio periodically. Watch for announcements on the Folio Welcome screen and in campus newspapers. You can always see the current list of files in Folio by typing SELECT. Type HELP followed by a file name for a brief description of the file.
If you have a Stanford University ID, click here to connect to Folio.
Library Catalogs & Guide to Stanford Libraries Socrates MELVYL (UC) Technical Reports GLADIS (UC Berkeley) Reserves in Meyer Internet Access Reserves in Branches RLIN Catalog JACKSON (Jackson Business Library) World Catalog LOIS (Lane Medical Library) Guide to SU Libraries Reference Shelf LC MARC Books Biography Index Marquis Who's Who BIP (Books in Print) Merck Index Book Review Index OED Bowker Biographies Quotations Britannica Online Research Centers Cendata RTECS Consumer Reports SciTech Electronic Conferences Statistical Abstract Encyclopedia of Assoc. Thomas Register Eventline TSCA Chemicals Federal Register Ulrich's Periodicals Kirk-Othmer UN Stats General or Interdisciplinary Sources MAGS NEWS Dissertation Abstracts Statistical Masterfile English Short Title Catalogue UnCover Lexis-Nexis Washington Alert Humanities Sources American History MLA Bibliography Art Index MLK Bibliography Avery Index to Arch Per Periodical Contents Index Historical Abstracts Philosopher's Index History of Science Science & Engineering Sources Agricola EI/Compendex BIOSIS Enviro/EnergyLine Biotechnology Abstracts GeoRef CAS Online History of Science CAS Training INSPEC Chemical Safety MathSci Computer Articles MEDLINE Computer Select Water Resources Social Sciences Sources ABI/Inform Historical Abstracts American History Latin American Studies Anthropological Lit. MLK Bibliography ECONLIT PAIS Enviro/EnergyLine Periodical Contents Index ERIC PsycINFO Foreign Legal Periodicals Sociological Abstracts Harvard Business Review UnCover Hispanic American Periodicals World Affairs Report Hispanic Legislation Student Information/Stanford Academic Life Axess Odyssey Awards Student Activities Faculty Interests Student Employment University Policies and Procedures AC Announcements Chemical Safety Research Policies General Information for the Stanford Community Community Info Press Releases Credit Union Public Events CUONLINE Software at Stanford JOBS Stanford Bookstore LAIR Publications Stanford Directory Long Distance Rates Weather Forecasts Off-Campus Housing
At several campus locations, public Folio terminals are always connected to Folio. Most campus libraries have public terminals. Other public terminal locations include the Off-Campus Housing Office, the Stanford Bookstore, and the Undergraduate Advising Center.
METHOD 2: CONNECTING FROM SUNet
Most workstations on campus (in public clusters, offices, or dorms) that are connected to SUNet, the campus network, can connect to the Forsythe computer where Folio runs.
From most Stanford computers:
> telnet forsythetn Welcome to Stanford University ... Account? folio ... Enter your name or University ID: ... Enter your PIN and press RETURN:From a TIP:
TIP-xxxx> term flow soft TIP-xxxx> forsythetn Welcome to Stanford University ... Account? folio ... Enter your name or University ID: ... Enter your PIN and press RETURN:At some terminal clusters, customized scripts may have been set up to help you get this far. For example, if you see this icon on a Mac, click on it to make your Folio connection.
METHOD 3: CONNECTING VIA NETSCAPE
From Netscape (or other Web browsers), use one of the following URLs to connect to Folio.
If you have a Stanford University ID:
telnet://forsythetn.stanford.edu:3106/If you don't have a Stanford ID:
telnet://forsythetn.stanford.edu/At the "Account?" prompt, enter your Folio account number, or a normal Forsythe computer account number, or SOCRATES for access to the Stanford library catalog.
Your Web browser must be configured to specify which TELNET application to use for these TELNET URLs. In Netscape, go to "Preferences" under the "Options" menu. From the popup menu, select "Applications and Directories". In the "Supporting Applications" box there's an entry for "Telnet Application". Using the Browse... button you can navigate to the application that you'd like to use for TELNET resources on the Web. Many people use the program NCSA Telnet. It is available at ftp://ftp.ncsa.uiuc.edu/.
METHOD 4: DIAL-IN VIA MODEM
Set your communications software to 8 data bits, no parity, 1 stop bit, hardware (or rts/cts) flow control. Set your modem speed to the highest speed your modem supports. The current maximum data transfer throughput speed is 38,400 for the high speed modem pool so don't set it higher than that.
1. Set your modem to dial 415 / 498-1440 2. Username: forsythe (or your Leland userid) 3. Password: forsythe (or your Leland password) 4. TIP-xxxx> forsythetn 5. Welcome to Stanford University ... Account? folio ... Enter your name or University ID: ... Enter your PIN and press RETURN:The current phone number for the Stanford modem pool is 415 / 498-1440.
For details about dial-in connections, refer to:
For assistance making your Forsythe connection, contact ITSS Customer Assistance at 415 / 725-8181.
METHOD 5: FROM FORSYTHE
If you have a regular Forsythe computer account, log on as usual and type folio at the Command> prompt.
If You Don't Have a University ID
If you are affiliated with Stanford but do not have an ID card and wish to have access to library-related Folio resources, contact the Privileges Division in Green Library, or the Information desk in Lane Medical Library. They can provide a computer account that lets you log on to Forsythe to use Folio. To make your connection, telnet to forsythetn.stanford.edu (or follow the dial-in instructions given earlier) and at the "Account?" prompt, type the computer account given to you at the Privileges desk. (This will be a number similar to ED.A99 -- two letters followed by a period, followed by 3 letters/numbers.)
People not connected with Stanford may search the Stanford library catalog by telnetting to forsythetn.stanford.edu (or following the dial-in instructions given earlier) and typing Socrates at the "Account?" prompt.
In general, most other Folio resources besides Socrates, the library catalog, are available only to people with Stanford IDs or people who arrange for library privileges through Green Library or Lane Library.
IDs and PINs
In many cases, when you connect to Folio, you are asked to identify yourself by giving your Stanford University ID number (the number printed on your ID card) and your PIN -- the Personal Identification Number associated with your University ID.
Students connecting to Folio in order to use Axess are also asked for a PIN -- a confidential Personal Identification Number associated with your ID. (Axess is a Folio service where student records such as study lists and addresses are changed.) Every student receives information about IDs and PINs from the Registrar's Office.
Faculty and staff needing PINs should contact Customer Assistance at 5-8181.
In addition, you are required to supply your University ID and PIN when connecting to any Folio files that are restricted to faculty and students use only. These files include all Dialog resources, and Lexis-Nexis.
You may change your PIN in Folio by typing SET PIN and following the instructions. (But you need to know your old PIN in order to change to a new PIN.)
Stanford Health Services and Lucille Packard Childrens Hospital staff, and Lane Library cardholders: telnet to lane.stanford.edu and login with Lane card number to access Folio from there. For further information contact Lane Library at 3-6831, or lane-info@krypton.
Forgot Your PIN?
If you have forgotten your PIN and you are a student, take a photo ID to the Registrar's Office during business hours to get a new one. All others should contact ITSS Customer Assistance at 5-8181.
Terminal Types, Unix Connections, Screen Height
In some cases, when you connect to Folio you are asked what kind of terminal or workstation you are using. The question looks like this:
Account? folio Please enter your terminal type. Common choices: vt100 if using vt100 terminal emulation xterm if running X-Windows samson if using Samson communications software Type HELP for all terminal types that Forsythe recognizes. Type of terminal (press RETURN for VT100)?If you have questions about terminal types, use the SUGGEST command in Folio to send a question to a Folio consultant.
Accessing Folio from a Unix Workstation
The "terminal type" appropriate for most Unix connections to Forsythe is XTERM. The default screen height associated with a terminal type of XTERM is 54 rows. In some cases, your terminal type may be set automatically to XTERM, with screen height of 54 rows, if your TELNET process does a "handshake" to determine terminal type. (This happens, for instance, if you connect using MacX.)
If 54 is an incorrect screen height, you can use the SET HEIGHT command in Folio to change it. (e.g. SET HEIGHT 35)
Another alternative is to specify an alternate form of the XTERM terminal type explicitly when you first connect to Forsythe. For example:
> telnet forsythetn Welcome to Stanford University ... Account? folio xterm40This would set your terminal type to XTERM, with a screen height of 40 rows.
If You Use a Large Screen
If your workstation has a larger-than-normal monitor, you can tell Folio how many rows of information to display on the screen at once with the SET HEIGHT command. For example, to use 35 lines for Folio screens, you could type SET HEIGHT 35. (Type this command from within Folio.)
PC-Samson and MacSamson
PC-Samson and MacSamson are terminal-emulation programs written at Stanford, with features that are customized for use with the Forsythe computer (where Folio runs).
Why should you use Samson? For Folio users, the reasons are:
* You will be able to use the SAVE command to download Folio search results to a file on your Mac or PC.
* You will be able to PRINT to a printer attached to your Mac or PC.
PC-Samson and MacSamson are free to Stanford faculty, staff, and students. To find out the easiest way to get a copy, talk to a network administrator or local computer expert in your area. Students and faculty may contact the consultants in Sweet Hall (consult@leland, or 725-2101). Staff may contact ITSS Customer Assistance (consult@forsythe, or 725-8181).
Folio is very easy to use. No computer experience is required - just read the instructions on the screen to find out what to do next. Once you learn how to use one Folio file, it is easy to use another file.
Folio includes many help screens. If you get stuck, type HELP for information about what to do next.
Here are some useful help screens for beginners:
HELP SEARCHING these first 3 give an HELP DISPLAY introduction to searching HELP SEARCH HINTS HELP OPTIONS list of commands HELP TOPICS list of help screensAsking Questions
If you can't find the answers you need with HELP, you can send a message to the people responsible for Folio with the SUGGEST command. You'll receive a response in a day or two.
The next few pages show sample screens illustrating the most important features of Folio.
At the prompt YOUR RESPONSE, type a command -- an instruction to tell Folio what to do next. After typing a command, press the RETURN key to transmit your command to the computer.
Here is an example of the Welcome screen that you'll see when you first enter Folio. It gives instructions for how to start.
______________________________________________________________________ Welcome to Folio Stanford's Campus Information System Featuring Socrates, the library's online catalog To select a file for searching: type SELECT and press the RETURN key To search Socrates: type FIND and press the RETURN key For help getting started: type HELP and press the RETURN key New in Folio: ABI/Inform file (indexes business periodicals) Type HELP FOLIO NEWS for details. Tip -- You can always type HELP if you get stuck. YOUR RESPONSE: select ______________________________________________________________________Choosing a File to Search
The first step is to choose a file in which to search. If you already know the name of a Folio file, type SELECT followed by the file name. For example, type SELECT INSPEC to work in INSPEC.
If you don't know a file name, or if you are new to Folio and want to explore what's available, type SELECT alone to see a list of files to choose from. This is what you'll see first:
______________________________________________________________________ If you already know a file name: type the file name below. Otherwise: type a number from this list. If you need assistance: type HELP. --------------------------------------------------------------- 1. Library Catalogs & Guide to Stanford Libraries (20 selections) 2. Reference Shelf (30 selections) 3. General or Interdisciplinary Sources (8 selections) 4. Humanities Sources (10 selections) 5. Science & Engineering Sources (18 selections) 6. Social Sciences Sources (21 selections) 7. Student Information/Stanford Academic Life (6 selections) 8. University Policies and Procedures (3 selections) 9. General Info. for the Stanford Community (18 selections) 10. Alphabetical list of all files (116 selections) --------------------------------------------------------------- SELECT WHICH FILE / CATEGORY? 5 ______________________________________________________________________Folio files are categorized in broad subject areas as shown above. Choose a category, and Folio will list the files in that category:
______________________________________________________________________ Science & Engineering Sources (18 selections) 1. Agricola Agriculture, biotech, lab animal science index 2. BIOSIS Biological and biomedical index 3. Biotechnology Abstracts (on CD-ROM) Biotech journals & patents index 4. CAS Online Chemical Abstracts (Faculty, Students only; evenings and weekends) 5. CAS Training Learning CAS Online (Faculty, Students only; 24 hr access) 6. Chemical Safety Properties of hazardous materials at Stanford 7. Computer Articles (in MELVYL) Index to 200 computer magazines 8. Computer Select (on CD-ROM) Computer Select 9. EI/Compendex Engineering and technology index 10. Enviro/EnergyLine (on CD-ROM) Environment and energy index 11. GeoRef Geology and geophysics index For next part of the list: press the RETURN key. To return to the main menu: type SELECT again. For details about a file: type HELP followed by a file name. SELECT WHICH FILE? ei ______________________________________________________________________When you select a file, you see a brief introductory screen.
______________________________________________________________________ -EI/Compendex selected EI/Compendex indexes and abstracts the world's significant engineering literature. This Folio file covers 1987 to CURRENT and is updated monthly. Type HELP UPDATES to learn when the file was last updated. Earlier coverage is available in the printed Engineering Index, located in the Engineering Library. For electronic access to earlier years, consult a reference librarian. For more information on this file: type HELP. To search this file: type FIND. To search headings in sequence: type BROWSE. To select a different file: type SELECT. To see all your options: type OPTIONS. YOUR RESPONSE: ______________________________________________________________________The next step is to search for the information you're interested in.
Entering a Search Request
Searches in Folio have 3 parts:
command index value ------- ----------- --------------- FIND or type of specific BROWSE information word or phrase to look up to look forExamples of searches:
find subject chaos theory find author stegner find tp all i really need to know browse thesaurus chaos browse author tchaikEach Folio file has its own list of indexes, depending on the kind of information in the file. For example, Socrates (the library catalog) and the other bibliographic files have author, title, and subject indexes. But the Off-Campus Housing file has indexes called city, rent, and type of housing.
* Type HELP INDEXES after selecting a file, to see a list of indexes available in that file.
* Instead of typing a complete search, just type the word FIND or BROWSE, and Folio will show a list of indexes to choose from.
What's the Difference Between FIND and BROWSE?
FIND gives you a list of records that contain the word or phrase you asked for. Sometimes you may need to look at a FULL display to see the specific place where your search words occur.
BROWSE lets you scan headings (such as author names, titles, subject headings) in alphabetical order, starting at the word or phrase you asked for. Next to each heading is a note indicating how many records are associated with each heading. Browsing is like flipping through a card file that's arranged alphabetically.
Most people probably start by searching with FIND. But here are examples of when BROWSE may be more helpful than FIND.
* When you're unfamiliar with the information in a file and want to browse through a selection of headings.
* When you're not sure how a name is spelled or how a title or subject heading is worded, you can give just a partial stem as your starting point to browse the possibilities.
Example of a FIND Search
(This example is from the Ei/Compendex file)
______________________________________________________________________ YOUR RESPONSE: find author andrew green ______________________________________________________________________ EI/Compendex / Search: Find AUTHOR ANDREW GREEN Result:167 citations (type HELP LARGE RESULT for information) 1) Green, Thomas A., et al. "Open systems benefit energy control center." IEEE COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN POWER - IEEE Comput Appl Power v 5 n 2 Apr 1992 p 45-50. (Journal Article - English) 2) Green, W. A., et al. "Transient waves in six-ply and eight-ply fibre composite plates." COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - Compos Sci Technol v 44 n 2 1992 p 151-158. (Journal Article - English) 3) Nasr-El-Din, H. A., et al. "Recovery of residual oil using the alkali/surfactant/polymer process. Effect of alkali concentration." JOURNAL OF PETROLEUM SCIENCE & ENGINEERING - J Pet Sci Eng v 6 n 4 Jan 1992 p 381-401. (Journal Article - English) 4) Green, M. A., et al. "ASTROMAG superconducting magnet facility configured for a free-flying satellite." CRYOGENICS - Cryogenics v 32 n 2 1992. p 91-97. (Journal Article - English) ___________Citations continue; press RETURN to see next page__________ To see more of a citation: type DM (medium) or DF (full) and a number. To see other display options: type HELP or OPTIONS. To begin a new search: type FIND or BROWSE. YOUR RESPONSE: df 4 ______________________________________________________________________As explained at the bottom of the screen, press the RETURN key to see more, if your search result takes more than one screen.
To see a fuller form of a record, type DF followed by the record number (e.g. DF 4, as shown above). DF stands for Display Full.
______________________________________________________________________ EI/Compendex / Search: Find AUTHOR ANDREW GREEN Result: 167 citations Citation 4 TITLE: ASTROMAG superconducting magnet facility configured for a free-flying satellite. AUTHOR: Green, M. A. (Univ of California, Berkeley, CA, USA); Smoot, G. F. PUBLICATION: Cryogenics v 32 n 2 1992. p 91-97 Full title: Cryogenics CONFERENCE: 1991 Space Cryogenics Workshop. Cleveland, OH, USA, June 18-20, 1991. Ei Conference Number: 16314. DOCUMENT TYPE: Journal Article LANGUAGE: English ABSTRACT: ASTROMAG is a particle astrophysics facility that was originally configured for the Space Station. The heart of the ASTROMAG facility is a large superconducting magnet which is cooled using superfluid helium. The ________This citation continues; press RETURN to see next page________ To see brief citations: type DISPLAY (or D) and a number. To see other display options: type HELP or OPTIONS. To begin a new search: type FIND or BROWSE. YOUR RESPONSE: ______________________________________________________________________FULL displays often take more than one screen. Press the RETURN key to see the rest of the record.
Did you notice that this FIND search found Greens who don't seem to be Andrew Green? The reason -- FIND for names of people usually checks initials to see if initials might match your search. For example, Thomas A. Green might be Andrew Green, so it is counted as a match.
Example of a BROWSE Search (This example is from the Ei/Compendex file)
______________________________________________________________________ YOUR RESPONSE: browse author andrew green ______________________________________________________________________ EI/Compendex / Search: Browse AUTHOR ANDREW GREEN Result filed under the following headings: -3) Author: Green, Alex (2 citations) -2) Author: Green, Alex E S (6 citations) -1) Author: Green, Alison J K (1 citation) 0) Author: Green, Andrew (1 citation) 1) Author: Green, Andrew A (2 citations) 2) Author: Green, Andrew J (1 citation) 3) Author: Green, Anna (1 citation) 4) Author: Green, Annette H (1 citation) 5) Author: Green, Anthony L (2 citations) 6) Author: Green, Arnold (1 citation) 7) Author: Green, Arthur (1 citation) 8) Author: Green, B (4 citations) 9) Author: Green, B D (6 citations) 10) Author: Green, B David (2 citations) ___________Headings continue; press RETURN to see next page___________ To see a heading's citations: type D or DF (full) and a heading number. To see other display options: type HELP or OPTIONS. To begin a new search: type FIND or BROWSE. YOUR RESPONSE: d 1 ______________________________________________________________________Compare this result with the previous one. This BROWSE search shows a list of authors, starting with the one that matches your search value most closely. (The closest match to your search is at number 0.)
You can DISPLAY records associated with particular author headings. For example, DISPLAY 1 (D 1 for short) will show the 2 records for author Andrew A. Green:
______________________________________________________________________ EI/Compendex / Search: Browse AUTHOR ANDREW GREEN Result filed under the following headings: Heading 1) Author: Green, Andrew A (2 citations) 1.1) Green, Andrew A., et al. "Transformation for ordering multispectral data in terms of image quality with implications for noise removal." IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING - IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens v 26 n 1 Jan 1988 p 65-74. (Journal Article - English) 1.2) Eberhardt, John E., et al. "Mid-infrared remote sensing systems and their application to lithologic mapping." IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING - IEEE Trans Geosci Remote Sens v GE-25 n 2 Mar 1987 p 230-237. (Journal Article - English) __Citations for next heading continue; press RETURN to see next page__ To see more of a citation: type DM (medium) or DF (full) and a number. To see other display options: type HELP or OPTIONS. To begin a new search: type FIND or BROWSE. YOUR RESPONSE: ______________________________________________________________________The SCAN Command
To return to the list of headings, type SCAN. For example, after looking at records under heading 1, you might type SCAN 2 (S 2 for short) to review the list of headings again, beginning with number 2.
In some files, other display options are available. For example, the screen above refers to the DM command, to see a MEDIUM display (a brief citation, plus the abstract).
DISPLAY record numbers display name display 5 to see number 5 (in a BRIEF form) d 5 DISPLAY can be abbreviated to D d 5-8 (or 5/8) to see 5 through 8 d 5, 10-12, 7 to see 5, 10 through 12, and 7DISPLAY NAMES: The display name is optional. If you omit it, you see a BRIEF form of a record. Other common display names:
FULL MEDIUM EXPORT CIRCULATIONDF: A shortcut for Display Full, to see the complete Folio record:
df 7-L FULL form of 7th through last records df all FULL form of all records in your resultDM and D EXPORT: Most periodical indexing files also have a MEDIUM display (brief citation plus abstract) and an EXPORT display (to help download to bibliographic software such as EndNote).
dm 3 DM stands for Display Medium d export all type HELP EXPORT for more informationDC: The CIRCULATION display in Socrates lets you see if a specific title is checked out. Type HELP CIRCULATION for details.
dc 10.4 DC is a shortcut for Display CirculationCUSTOMIZING DISPLAYS: FULL displays usually have sections labeled with uppercase names. You can create a "customized" display by asking for specific sections. For example:
d 10-20 TITLE LOCATIONHELP SCREENS: You can always learn the display options in the file you're working in:
* HELP OPTIONS (after you have a search result) * HELP CUSTOMIZING DISPLAYSCONTINUOUS DISPLAYS: The CONTINUOUS option instructs Folio to display records without pausing at the end of each screen. This is useful if you are sending your Folio session to a logging file on your workstation. Example:
dm all cont (abbreviations are ok)If you need to stop a CONTINUOUS display, press the BREAK key (or press CTRL and C at the same time).
SCAN COMMAND (Displaying headings): The SCAN command displays headings. It is useful after a BROWSE search, especially if you have DISPLAYed records under a heading and want to return to the heading list. Example:
scan 7 to start the heading list at # 7 s 7 SCAN can be abbreviated to SIn Socrates, SCAN is useful after both FIND and BROWSE.
These 3 commands follow similar patterns (see examples below):
MAIL, PRINT, SAVE: record numbers display name TO destination (FULL, MEDIUM, for example)Electronic Mail
After you have a search result, use the MAIL command to send records to an email address. Example:
mail 3 full to joestanford@lelandPrinting
Type HELP PRINTERS for information about printers on campus.
* If you're in a library, you can often PRINT to a self-service printer in the library.
* If you're using a Mac or PC and have a printer attached to your workstation directly or through a local network, you can PRINT TO ATTACHED as long as you're using Samson.
* If you use the Forsythe computer for other work besides Folio, you may have a local printer whose name is known to Forsythe.
Examples: print 1-10 (Folio will ask where to print, print 10 6 15 medium if you omit a destination) print 1/4 full to mydept (a Forsythe printer name) print all to attachedDownloading
The SAVE command is available if you are using Samson. SAVE downloads your search result to a file on your Mac or PC.
Examples: save 29 full (Folio will ask for a file-name) save all to c:jobs.fol save 5 7 12 medium to c: (on a Mac) (you'll get a dialog box asking where to save the file)SAVE also works if you have access to the WYLBUR text editor. You may save search results in a WYLBUR dataset or in your active file (SAVE TO ACTIVE).
Use the words AND, OR, NOT to combine search criteria to narrow or broaden a FIND search. For example:
find author stegner and title candy (both the author Stegner and the title word candy must be present) find location menlo park or palo alto (either city will satisfy this search request) find subject environment not organization sierra club (the subject must have the word environment but the Sierra Club must not be listed as the organization)AND and NOT narrow your search result (make it smaller), while OR broadens it (makes it larger). These words are referred to as Boolean operators or logical operators. Type HELP BOOLEAN in Folio for more information.
You can also do add-on or iterative searching with logical operators:
YOUR RESPONSE: find city menlo park -Result: 5 listings YOUR RESPONSE: or city palo alto -Result: 15 listings YOUR RESPONSE: backup -Result: 5 listingsYou can add new criteria as many times as needed. Notice that the BACKUP command removes the last search value that you entered. Type HELP ADD-ON SEARCH for more information.
When you combine ANDs and ORs in the same search, they are processed from left to right unless you use parentheses. When parentheses are used, the operations within parentheses are performed first. Compare the results of these searches:
without parentheses: find title party and labor or labour (retrieves records with both "party" and "labor" and also records with "labour") with parentheses: find title party and (labor or labour) (retrieves records with "party" and either "labor" or "labour")The parentheses must follow either FIND or a logical operator:
find author dickens and (t bleak or twist) ----> correct find author dickens and t (bleak or twist) ----> incorrect
Here is an example:
YOUR RESPONSE: find subject california pioneers -Result: 80 citations YOUR RESPONSE: limit year after 1985 ... Here, your display will change to show only the items matching your LIMIT criteriaTips for using LIMIT:
* LIMIT is available in Socrates and in many of the periodical indexes in Folio. To see if LIMIT works in the file you're searching, just type LIMIT after you have a search result.
* There are several help screens about LIMIT. Type HELP LIMIT COMMAND to read about limits available in the file you're working in.
* To remove a LIMIT, type BACKUP.
* You can combine limits with AND, OR, NOT just like you can combine search criteria (see page 11). Examples:
limit language english or german and location engineering limit year after 1985 and language english* You can use LIMIT after either FIND or BROWSE.
* Folio reports progress to you every 100 records or so, as it is checking to see which items match your LIMIT. This lets you stop the limit if it is working in a very large search result and finding nothing. The message looks like this:
-100 citations examined; no additional citations match your LIMIT so far -Press the RETURN key to continue, or type CANCEL to stopYou can also type CANCEL here if you need to give some other command such as DF or PRINT. The limit is still in effect - the CANCEL here just stops Folio from looking any further in the search result for the time being.
* Your limit stays in effect until you type a new LIMIT command, or type the BACKUP command, or do a new search. (There is not a way to use the same limit for all searches.)
ABBREVIATIONS -- Folio commands can be abbreviated to three letters (sometimes fewer). Names of indexes and files may also be abbreviated to a distinctive stem. Other abbreviations: DF and DM.
CHAINING COMMANDS -- You can type a logical series of commands at once by using a double slash to connect the commands. With this technique you avoid waiting for Folio to respond after each command. Example:
SELECT HOUSING//FIND RENT 500//DF ALLIn one step, this command shows the FULL display of a search result in the Housing file.
"COMMAND MODE" TO OMIT INSTRUCTIONS -- You can eliminate the instructions at the bottom of the screen (and thus leave more room for search results) by switching to Command mode. To do this, type COMMAND. To see the instructions again, type GUIDED to switch back to Guided mode.
WHEN IS A FOLIO FILE NOT A FOLIO FILE? -- Some selections in Folio actually consist of computer systems at other universities or on other computers besides the Forsythe computer where most of Folio resides. For example, through Folio you can search CD-ROM versions of several reference tools. And when you select MELVYL you are connecting to the University of California computer system. In these cases, the normal Folio commands described in this brochure are not applicable. You must read the introductory screens and help screens in these systems to learn what to do.
EXPORTING TO ENDNOTE -- The EXPORT display is available in many of Folio's periodical abstracting/indexing databases, to help you download citations to personal bibliographic software such as EndNote. Type HELP EXPORT for more information.
SENDING QUESTIONS -- Use the SUGGEST command to send questions or comments to the people responsible for Folio.
REQUESTING LIBRARY SERVICES -- In Socrates, you may REQUEST several library services:
* type REQUEST REFERENCE to send a reference question to library staff. You'll receive a response in a day or two. * type REQUEST NOTIFICATION to be notified when items ordered by the library are available. * type REQUEST SAL PAGE to have Stanford Auxiliary Library materials paged (delivered) to Green Library.
LEAVING FOLIO -- Type END or LOGOFF to end your Folio session.
If you'd like to learn more, try the HELP command in Folio.
There are help screens about each topic listed below. Type HELP followed by the topic (for example, HELP SEARCHING).
General Information about Searching Searching SHOW SEARCH Add-on Search FIND Command Boolean Operators BACKUP Command BROWSE Command AND Parentheses Indexes NOT Stem Searching Search Hints OR Exclusion Words LIMIT Punctuation Displaying, Printing, Downloading a Search Result DISPLAY Command MAIL Command SAVE Command Labels of FULL Display PRINT Command SCAN Command General Information Abbreviations Guided Mode REQUEST Command BEGIN Command HELP Command Screen Size Command Mode Hours SELECT Command Commands News SHOW HISTORY END Command Options Socrates Files Password SUGGEST Command Glossary Phone NumbersTo learn more about a specific Folio file, type HELP followed by the file name. These help screens usually refer you to an office on campus where you can find out more.
For help with Socrates searching, refer to A Reference Guide to Socrates (also available in printed form in campus libraries). Socrates workshops are offered at the beginning of most quarters. Inquire at a library reference desk for more information.
Guides to Folio Databases
Library staff have prepared a number of handouts and guides about the information sources in Folio.
Questions for Librarians
If you have a question for the reference staff in a Stanford library, use the REQUEST REFERENCE command in Socrates. Turn-around time is usually 24 hours.
Other general sources of information about library services:
If the help screens don't answer your questions, use the SUGGEST command in Folio to send a question or comment to staff responsible for Folio.
Begin a Folio session, BEGIN on public terminals Begin a session, FOLIO after connecting to Forsythe (at the Account? or Command> prompt) Choose a file SELECT file-name See all files available SELECTGetting Help
Get info about your current situation HELP See all commands OPTIONS See topics for which help is available HELP TOPICS Useful help screens for beginners HELP SEARCHING HELP FIND HELP BROWSE HELP DISPLAY HELP SEARCH HINTSSearching Commands
Begin a search FIND (to find words or phrases) or BROWSE (to scan headings alphabetically) Review headings SCAN Look at brief records DISPLAY Look at fuller displays DF (DISPLAY FULL) DM (DISPLAY MEDIUM) Narrow a search AND or NOT Broaden a search OR Remove last part of search BACKUP Limit by year, language, location LIMIT Try search in another Socrates file RETRY See your search SHOW SEARCH See your commands SHOW HISTORYMaking Copies of Folio Records
Print search results PRINT Send records by electronic mail MAIL Save records in a computer file SAVE Use EXPORT display (for EndNote) MAIL EXPORT n SAVE EXPORT n Use other displays MAIL display name SAVE display name PRINT display nameMaking Suggestions and Requests
Ask a question or make a comment SUGGEST Ask to be notified when items ordered REQUEST NOTIFY by the library are available Send reference question to librarians REQUEST REFERENCE Request delivery of SAL items to Green REQUEST SAL PAGEOther Commands
Change screen size SET HEIGHT n Change password SET PASSWORD Change PIN SET PIN Use Command Mode COMMAND (delete on-screen instructions) Use Guided Mode GUIDED (restore on-screen instructions) Leave Folio END Leave Folio and logoff LOGOFF Leave and let someone else logon LOGON Interrupt Folio to use WYLBUR PAUSE Return to Folio after PAUSE GO(Note: some of these commands are not available to all accounts.)