Pope Francis has issued Evangelii Gaudium (The Joy of the Gospel), particularly notable for its strong opinions about capitalism. Standing in the tradition of Rerum Novarum of Leo XIII and Pacem in Terris of John XXIII, the Pope has offered a vigorous critique of capitalism, peppering the document with calls to conscience. “How can it be that it is not a news item when an elderly homeless person dies of exposure, but it is news when the stock market loses two points?” he asks, as the 84-page letter denounces the ‘idolatry of money’ and calls for financial reform by world leaders. “Money must serve, not rule!” The Pope goes on to urge governments to guarantee all citizens “dignified work, education and healthcare.” Of course the document also addresses other eccelesial matters as well, setting the tone for his papacy – “I prefer a Church which is bruised, hurting and dirty because it has been out on the streets, rather than a Church which is unhealthy from being confined and from clinging to its own security.” This is the latest foray of the Pope into world thought, and will no doubt cement his image in the popular imagination as a force to be reckoned with. Should we expect anything less from a Pope who took his name from Francis of Assisi?