- Ludic Cartography. Mapping Gamespaces
- Past Projects
- Preserving Virtual Worlds
- Research and Publication
I've been working with the Cabrinety collection for a year now. However, the collection has been part of Stanford for more than a decade. I am far from the first person to handle it and I won't be the last. For my last blog post of this year, I wanted to spend some time talking about the man behind the collection.
Stephen Michael Cabrinety was born in Sayre, Pennsylvania on August 4, 1966. He started collecting microcomputing software, hardware, and related materials while still in high school, and continued making acquisitions for the rest of his short life. In 1982 Stephen dropped out of Stanford University and founded Superior Software, Inc. where he served as its Director of Development. Superior Software, Inc. released three educational software titles for the Apple II computer in 1982. The titles are listed below along with their locations within the collection:
1. Legendary Conflict (Series 1, Box 254)
2. Quest for the Scarlet Letter (Series 1, Box 93 and Box 254)
3. The Breckenridge Caper of 1798 (Series 1, Box 254)
The following is a guest post by Christopher Fox, a student employee at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). For over four years, Christopher has provided NIST’s National Software Reference Library project with data entry services and the application development demands that support those services. He is currently completing his senior year at Hood College in Frederick, Maryland, where he is earning a Bachelor’s in Computer Science. He started working on the video game software part of the Cabrinety project when the group hit a dead end trying to collect data from gaming cartridges. Since Chris enjoys gaming and found a way to collect save data from older games for his own purposes, he offered to explore and share methods of extracting data from these obsolete formats.
Disclaimer: Trade names and company products are mentioned in the text or identified. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, nor does it imply that the products are necessarily the best available for the purpose.
The Institute for Museum and Library Services announced its September 2013 grant awards yesterday. You can read the announcement here. I am very pleased that the IMLS awarded a three-year National Leadership Grant for Libraries to a project called, "From Descriptive Metadata to Citation: Building a Framework for Search and Communication in Game Studies" that will be carried out by a team from the University of California, Santa Cruz, and Stanford.
This project continues the close collaboration between these teams that began earlier this year with a Digital Humanities Startup grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities to develop a methodology for archiving software development, with a focus on the special archival and documentation requirements for software developed in universities and other research-centered institutions.
The IMLS-funded project will be a major activity of the How They Got Game project over the next three years, in close collaboration with the lead team led by Noah Wardrip-Fruin at UCSC. In a nutshell, the project will deliver a metadata scheme for digital game software, including ontology and terminology, in the first two years. Year three will focus on related scholarly apparatus, especially citation (including citation of in-game events). Obviously, this will be an ambitious undertaking, but it is also a necessary one for a whole host of activities from game acquisition and preservation, through discovery and access and on to scholarly use.
Here are the specific tasks we will be working on:
Earlier this year, Matthew Kirschenbaum posted an article to Slate where he listed what he considered to be the 10 most influential software programs of all time, based on his own personal experience. Out of curiosity, I compared his list to the contents of the Cabrinety collection, and found that out of his list of 10, there are currently 4 titles (or versions/adaptations of those titles) represented. Thanks to Stephen M. Cabrinety's foresight, some of these now historical titles are also in pristine condition. These are shown in the images below.
Adventure (Atari 2600 adaptation of the classic text adventure game)
Note: Fans of George RR Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire series (Game of Thrones to television fans) know that he's been using WordStar for decades to write his books.
Hypercard (came bundled with student diskette)
Programmers today fight an uphill battle to keep their skills current, as changing technologies and constant advancements make it nearly impossible for even the most adept computer scientists to stay ahead of the curve. In today’s videogame market, coding and shipping a game as an amateur requires incredible discipline, as self-taught and independent game developers need to attain a level of expertise and make a time commitment that is well beyond the reach and/or willingness of the average person. Just watch Indie Game: The Movie (currently available on Netflix streaming and the official movie site) to see the toll the creative process takes on the individuals behind bestselling indie games Braid, Super Meat Boy, and Fez.
The Cabrinety collection is comprised primarily of games, but also includes a fair chunk of unique software applications that have nothing to do with entertainment. One of the strangest is the subliminal message application, where the user undergoes a computer-assisted form of self-hypnosis in order to achieve a specific goal without doing any actual work – for example, raising a child. The “Mind Over…” series and the “Expando-Vision” series are the best-represented so far, but I look forward to seeing what else is hidden in the depths of the collection. Here’s a look at some of the box covers. I take no responsibility if they subliminally influence you in any way.
The Expando-Vision series
1. Athletic Confidence/Golf
The caption on this cover says, “Fill your subconscious with the positive images you need to improve your game of golf…while you watch your favorite television shows!” Since normally these boxes depict someone accomplishing the stated goal, I’m not sure why this box shows a guy inside a sand trap while a woman wearing a single white glove looks on in disdain. Maybe he’s developed so much confidence he doesn’t care what she thinks of him?
2. Career/Success Motivation
As many readers of this blog certainly know, How They Got Game @ Stanford was involved in both of the Preserving Virtual Worlds projects, along with teams at the University of Illinois, the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities (U. Maryland), and the Rochester Institute of Technology. The projects were funded by the U.S. Library of Congress-National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program and the Institute for Museum and Library Services, respectively.
I am pleased to announce that the digital collections created over the course of this (roughly five years) of scoping work, research and reporting were preserved - as befits a preservation project! These collections have been gathered together and are now available through the Stanford Digital Repository, the digital "wing" of the Stanford University Libraries (so to speak). Note that we are not at this time able to provide open access to all of the materials, due to rights restrictions. The good news is that you are free to use many of the digital items; if you can see it, you can use it. The collections cover eight cases investigated over the course of the two PVW projects: Spacewar!, Adventure, Star Raiders, Mystery House, SimCity, DOOM, Arteroids, and the Corrupted Blood incident in World of Warcraft.
These days gamers have to deal with issues like DRM, lack of support for backwards-compatibility, always-on connection requirements, and next generation consoles like the Xbox One debuting with a name to make catalogers weep. (Seriously, what are we supposed to call the first Xbox now?) Oh, and I suppose there is also a controversy about how it seems like it won’t support used games. But let’s not talk about today’s woes, when we can dig into the past of the Cabrinety collection, a time when manufacturers cared so much about the consumer, that they included toys and treats in the packaging, for free.
In no particular order, here are eight images of titles from the Cabrinety collection that came with a surprise inside.
1. The Lurking Horror: Rubber insect
A rubber insect was loose in the package, ready to horrify unsuspecting gamers with its rubbery creepiness. Instead, it horrified me with its seeping grossness. It leaked its fluids enough to stain the label on the disc. Lurking horror indeed.
Is It Archive Safe?: Sort of – the insect and the media are now inside inert bags so they don’t damage each other or the other items in the game package.
This year’s Game Developers Conference featured a rage poetry reading (courtesy of Anna Anthropy), two (!) video game museum exhibits, revelations from the developers of the classic games Myst and X-Com: UFO Defense on the trials and tribulations they faced while forging their creations using arcane tools such as HyperCard, and a session called “Caring About Chrono Trigger” which showcased how the work involved in the preservation of video games is now a common interest and responsibility spread across multiple industries.
Since this was my first time attending GDC, I didn’t have a specific agenda and was free to wander the halls and attend diverse sessions at whim. Here are some photos from the show floor and short recaps of the sessions I attended. I apologize in advance for the terrible quality of some of these photos, which I took with the iPhone model circa obsolete.
Video Game Museum Exhibits
1) The Museum of Art & Digital Entertainment
After a long hiatus, some personnel changes, and the launch of an ambitious cross-country collaboration between the Stanford University Libraries and the National Institute of Standards and Technoglogy, the spotlight on the Stephen M. Cabrinety Collection in the History of Microcomputing, 1975-1995 returns!
I first read about the Cabrinety collection on the HTGG blog, back when Eric Kaltman was generating content on a more regular basis. I was still in library school at UCLA, embarking on a second career (in my previous life I wrote strategy guides and columns for Tips & Tricks Magazine), and daydreaming about places to work that might need someone with my odd mix of experience, interests, and credentials. I feel very fortunate that I now have the opportunity to work directly with an archival collection that sparked my interest so many years ago. They’re letting take me take the shrinkwrap off titles that haven’t seen the light of day in 30 years? It’s like opening a present – many presents –every single day.
For more information on the collaborative project, check the sites below: