Welcome to the Archaeology Network of the Chinese Railroad Worker History Project, a transnational collaborative research endeavor based out of Stanford University. The Archaeology Network of the Chinese Railroad Worker History Project was created at the request of the Project organizers, Gordon Chang, Shelley Fisher Fishkin, and Hilton Obenzinger, to connect the Project with the large community of archaeologists who have been researching Chinese railroad workers and who are involved in managing the sites, collections, archives, and other materials that evidence that history. Dr. Barbara L. Voss, Associate Professor of Anthropology, is coordinating the network as a service to the Project. Archaeological evidence and research will play a key role in reconstructing the lives and histories of those who built and maintained the railroads.
If you are an archaeologist who would like to be a part of the Archaeology Network, please email Professor Barbara Voss at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The captions accompanying photographs are provided by the holding institutions and are reproduced here as part of the historical record. They may contain descriptors and terminology that are offensive to us today. Similar issues of offensive language may arise in historical texts and place names on this website.
(compiled by Chris Merritt)
1. General Overviews of Overseas Chinese Archaeology
1996 Archaeology of the Chinese in Australia. Australasian Historical Archaeology 14:13-18.
Bell, Peter, Gordon P.N. Grimwade, and Neville Ritchie
1993 Archaeology of the Overseas Chinese in Australia, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea: A Select Bibliography. Australian Society of Historical Archaeology Newsletter 23(1).
Ehrenreich, Dixie L., et al.
1985 Annotated Bibliography of Overseas Chinese History and Archaeology. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 18(2).
Ross, Douglas E.
2013 Overseas Chinese Archaeology. In Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. C. Smith, ed. New York: Springer.
Schulz, Peter D., and Rebecca Allen
2008 Archaeology and Architecture of the Overseas Chinese: A Bibliography. Historical Archaeology 42(3):171-193.
Voss, Barbara L.
2005 The Archaeology of Overseas Chinese Communities. World Archaeology 37(3):424-439.
Voss, Barbara L., and Rebecca Allen
2008 Overseas Chinese Archaeology: Historical Foundations, Current Reflections, and New Directions. Historical Archaeology 42(3):5-28.
Wegars, Priscilla, ed.
1993 Hidden Heritage: Historical Archaeology of the Overseas Chinese. Amityville, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.
2008 The Asian American Comparative Collection: A Unique Resource for Archaeologists and Historians. Historical Archaeology 42(3):166-170.
2. Archaeology of Chinese Railroad Workers in North America
California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) (2013). Work Camps: Historic Context and Archaeological Research Design. Prepared by HARD Work Camps Team and Caltrans Staff for California Department of Transportation, Sacramento.
Etter, Patricia A.
1980 The West Coast Chinese and Opium Smoking. In Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America: Afro-American and Asian American Culture History. R.L. Schuyler, ed. Pp. 97-101. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.
Evans, William S. Jr.
1980 Food and Fantasy: Material Culture of the Chinese in California and the West, Circa 1850-1900. In Archaeological Perspectives on Ethnicity in America: Afro-American and Asian American Culture History. R.L. Schuyler, ed. Pp. 89-96. Farmingdale, NY: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.
Merritt, Christopher W.
2010 “The Coming Man from Canton”: Chinese Experience in Montana (1862-1943).” Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, the University of Montana, Missoula.
Merritt, Christopher W., Kelly J. Dixon, and Gary Weisz
2012 “Verily The Road Was Built With Chinaman’s Bones”: An Archaeology of Chinese Line Camps in Montana. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 16(4):666-695.
1991 Who’s Been Workin’ on the Railroad? An Examination of the Construction, Distribution, and Ethnic Origins of Domed Rock Ovens on Railroad-Related Sites. Historical Archaeology 25(1):37-65.
Wegars, Priscilla and Roderick Sprague.
1981 Archaeological Salvage of the Joso Trestle Construction Camp, 45FR51, Lower Monumental Project. Research Manuscript Series, No. 65, Laboratory of Anthropology, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID.
Wrobleski, David E.
1996 ”The Archaeology of Chinese Work camps on the Virginia and Truckee Railroad.” Master’s Thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of Nevada-Reno.