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Clinical Findings

 
     
   
     
 
 

Along with presentation of the above mentioned symptoms (see "Symptoms"), there may be other findings that may help in diagnosing coenurosis.  These include:

  • Papilledema (swelling of the optic nerve head) in the back of the retina during eye examination
  •  Moderate hypoglycorrhachia (low concentrations of blood sugar in the cerebral spinal fluid) with glucose concentrations below 40 mg/dl occurs in about half the cases; occasionally the glucose levels fall to values as low as 10 mg/dl
  •  Raised intracranial pressure caused by ventricular obstruction.
  • Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) examination showing nonspecific profile indicating subacute (between acute and chronic) nonbacterial inflammation. 
  • Imaging reveals a cystic mass, often in the ventricles or in the subarachnoid space, suggesting the differential diagnosis of a parasitic infection.  More specifically, on CT scans viable cysts appear as lucent lesions surrounded by a contrast-enhanced peripheral rim.  Multiple echo MRI sequences reveal that the intensity of the cyst contents is similar to that of the CSF.
  • Ventriculography, CT, or MRI may show dilatation of the ventricles

However, a definitive diagnosis of coenurosis can only come from a gross microscopic examination of the morphologic appearance of the cyst.  See “Coenurus” for more information.

 
 
       
   
 

http://www.eyemdlink.com/Condition.asp?ConditionID=340

Papilledema: The edges of the optic nerve (the yellow disc in the center) appear blurred and indistinct when swollen 

http://www.vhct.org/case1299/CT_scan.shtml

CT scan showing enlarged lateral ventricles